Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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minimus Theobald

1901a:186 (F*).
Type-loc: Pokfulam, Hong Kong (LU)

Additional References:
Christophers 1933:209 (M*, F*, P, L, E).
Wu 1936b:269 (E*).
Bonne-Wepster and Swellengrebel 1953:369 (M*, F*, L*).
Hara 1959:110 (F*).
Reid 1968:314 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*; distr.).
Aslamkhan 1971:147 (distr.).
Harrison 1980:78 (M*,F*,P*,L*; distr.).
Tsukamoto et al. 1985:151 (distr.).
Darsie and Pradhan 1990:71 (distr.).
Toma et al. 2003: 267 (distr., Japan).
Oo, Storch and Becker 2004: 24 (distr., Myanmar).
Harbach et al. 2006: 198-209 (M,F,P*,L*; neotype designation)
Rattanarithikul et al. 2006: 1-128 (F*,L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)
Sinka et al. 2011: 89 (Minimus Complex; bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Dev and Sharma 2013 (syst., bion.; Minimus Cmplx.)


Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Larvae found in small- to moderate-sized streams of clear, cool unpolluted water with partial shade and grassy margins. Other larval habitats include rock pools, sand pools next to streams, seepage pools and springs, stream pools and fallow rice fields with seepage. Females anthropophilic and endophagus (Harrison 1980).

Medical Importance:
Primary malaria vector (Harrison 1980).