Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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sollicitans (Walker)

1856a:427 (F; as Culex).
Type-loc: Charleston, South Carolina, United States (BM)

Additional References:
Dyar 1902: (E).
Mitchell 1907: (E*).
Howard, Dyar and Knab 1913: (E*).
Howard, Dyar, and Knab 1917:658 (M*, F, L*, E*; biol.).
Gerry 1932: [F*].
Ross 1947:69 (M*, F*, L*).
Darsie 1951:15 (P*).
Yamaguti and LaCasse 1951: [F*].
DeCoursey and Webster 1952:(E*).
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:227 (M*, F*, L*).
Craig 1956: (E*).
Craig and Horsfall 1958: (E*).
Craig and Horsfall 1960: (E*).
Ross and HOrsfall 1965: (E*).
Belkin, Schick, and Heinemann 1966:3 (restriction of type-loc.).
Mohrig 1967: [F*].
Belkin 1968b:7 (lectotype desig.).
Belkin, Heinemann, and Page 1970:155 (M*, F, P*, L*).
Horsfall, Voorhees, and Cupp 1970:1710(E*).
Olson and Meola 1976: (E*).
Scotton and Axtell 1979: (E*).
Reinert 2002: [F*].

Distribution:
Bahamas, Canada, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Puerto Rico, United States; contiguous lower 48, Virgin Islands

Bionomics:
The larvae of Aedes sollicitans occur mostly in salt marshes in coastal areas. The species has been found also in brackish water swamps in many of the inland states, particularly in the oil fields. The adults are strong fliers and often migrate in large numbers to communities many miles from the salt-water marshes in which they breed. The females are persistent biters and will attack any time during the day or night. The adults rest in the vegetation during the daytime and will attack anyone invading their haunts, even in full sunlight. (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:229)

Medical Importance:
Ae. sollicitans is considered a vector of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE). (Turell, Dohm, Sardelis et al. 2005:60)