Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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gambiae Giles

1902:511 (F).
Type-loc: Gambia Valley, West Africa (BM)

Additional References:
Theobald 1903c:2 (as gambiensis, lapsus).
Macfie and Ingram 1922: [F* (as costalis Theobald)].
Evans 1938:299 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*; biol.).
de Meillon 1947b:190 (M*, F*, L*, E*; biol.).
Horsfall 1955:223 (review).
Coluzzi 1964:197 (tax.).
Chauvet and Dejardin 1968:69 (L).
Gillies and de Meillon 1968:208 (M*, F*, P*, L*, E*; biol.).
Chauvet, Davidson and Dejardin 1969:51 (tax.; gambiae complex).
Zahar, Hills and Davidson 1970:31 (tax.).
Service 1970b:131 (tax.).
Green 1971:421 (tax.).
White and Muniss 1972:793 (tax.).
Davidson and Hunt 1973:121 (gambiae complex).
Reid 1973:87 (tax.).
White 1973:249 (cytogenetics; systematics; sp. D).
White 1975:313 (tax.).
Reid 1975a:1 (tax.).
Reid 1975b:299 (pupal diff. of spp. A and B).
Mahon, Green and Hunt 1976:25 (diagnostic allozymes, gambiae complex).
Gatti, Santini, Pimpinelli and Coluzzi 1977:105 (fluorescence banding ident techniques, gambiae complex)..
Mattingly 1977:323 (gambiae complex).
Sinka et al. 2010: 117 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)
Ahmed et al 2011: (distr. Saudi Arabia).
Lanzaro and Lee 2013 (bion., gen.; Gambiae Complex)


Angola, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan and South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

These species occur in a great variety of types of water; the most striking are the shallow, open sun-lit pools. Females readily enter houses and bite man both indoors and outdoors starting at sunset and peaking just at dawn (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).

Medical Importance:
Primary malaria vector (Gillies and deMeillon 1968).