Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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furcifer (Edwards)

1913b:48 (nom. nov. for nigra Theobald, non Giles 1904b; Ochlerotatus).
Type-loc: Sudan (BM)

Additional References:
Edwards 1941:214 (M*, F), 401 (P*).
Lewis 1942a:153 (P, L).
Hopkins 1952:213 (L).
Reinert 1972b:87 (E*).
Port et al. 1981: 163-166 (distr. The Gambia)
Ferrara et al. 1985: 179-183 (F*; furcifer/taylori comp)
Hervy et al. 1985 (L*; furcifer/taylor comp)
Huang 1986: 634-649 (tax.; Furcifer Group)
Jupp 1996 (M*, F*; key)
Reinert 2000 (F*)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan and South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda

Bionomics:
Larvae are found in rot-holes in trees (Hopkins 1952).

Medical Importance:
Ae. furcifer is involved in the monkey-to-man and, to a lesser extent, man-to-man transmission of yellow fever (Germain, Francy, Ferrara et al., 1980), a potential vector of dengue 2 (Jupp and Kemp 1993), and a vector of Chikungunya viruses (Diallo, Thonnon et al., 1999).