Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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africanus (Theobald)

1901d: 3 (F; Stegomyia)
Type-loc: Duke Town and Bonny, [Eastern Provinces], Nigeria (BM)

Additional References:
Edwards 1941:150 (M*, F*), 391 (P*).
Hopkins 1952:156 (L*).
Mattingly 1952:241 (tax.).
Mattingly and Bruce-Chwatt 1954:187 (M*, F*).
Mohrig 1967: [F*].
Service 1976: 260 (distr.).
Huang 1990:14 (M*, F*, P*, L*; lectotype desig.; distr.).
Linley, Abo-Ghalia, Soliman and Mukwaya. 1993:27 (E*).
Reinert 2000: [F*].
Toto et al. 2003: 344 (distr., Equatorial Guinea).
Huang 2004: 13 (tax.); 24-25 (key to adults); 60 (M*, F*); 112-115 (distr.).

Distribution:
Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan and South Sudan, Uganda, Zambia

Bionomics:
Larvae are found in tree holes, stump holes, bamboo stumps, cut bamboo, tree forks and artifical containers. Females readily bite man, will enter houses to bite and are crepuscular. They feed both at ground and canopy levels (Huang 1979).

Medical Importance:
It is one of the most important vectors of arboviruses in the Afrotropical region, and an efficient vector of yellow fever. Chikungunya and Rift Valley fever have also been isolated from this species (Huang 1979).