Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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neivai Howard, Dyar and Knab

1912 (1913) vol. 2: Pl. 41 and fig. 461 1917: 986 (F*, L*; keys)
Type-loc: Fort San Felipe, Porto Bello Bay, Panama (USNM)

Additional References:
Komp 1937b:502 (resurrected from syn. with cruzii), 509 (M*, F*, L), 521 (syn.).
Senevet and Abonnenc 1938:509 (M*, P*, L*).
Levi-Castillo 1945:118 (M*, F*, L*).
Floch and Abonnenc 1951:70 (M*, F*, L*).
Stone and Knight 1956:279 (lectotype desig.).
Zavortink 1973:11 (M*, F*, P*, L*; distr.).
Baerg and Boreham 1974a:629 (E*).
Calderon, Fernandez and Valle 1995:5-23 (Bion. Distr. Peru)
Beltrán-Aguilar et al. 2011: 711 (M*, F*, P*, L*; tax., keys, distr.)
2013:100-109 (dist. Ecuador)


Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

The immatures are found in the leaf axils of terrestrial and epiphytic bromeliads and rarely in leaf axils of aroids and treeholes. Females commonly bite humans, particularly in the evening hours. (Zavortink 1973:13)

Medical Importance:
An. neivai is the primary vector of human malaria in the coastal south of Buenaventura, Colombia. It has been found infected with yellow fever virus in Panama and Guaroa virus in Colombia. (Zavortink 1973:13)