Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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excrucians (Walker)

1856a:429 (A; as Culex).
Type-loc: Nova Scotia, Canada (BM)

Additional References:
Clavero 1946:12 (M*, F*, L*).
Natvig 1948:244 (M*, F, L*; biol.).
LaCasse and Yamaguti 1950 (F*)
Monchadskii 1951:176 (L*).
Yamaguti and LaCasse 1951 (F*)
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:178 (M*, F*, L*).
Craig 1956:(E*).
Darsie 1957:620 (P*).
Hara 1957:59 (F*).
Craig and Horsfall 1958:(E*).
Price 1960:548 (lst stage L*).
Ross and Horsfall 1965: (E*).
Kalpage and Brust 1968:(E*).
Sicart and Larrouy 1968 (F*)
HOrsfall and Voorhees 1972:(E*).
Moriya, Yabe and Harada 1972:(E*).
Rjazantzeva 1972 (F*)

Gutsevich, Monchadsky and Stackelberg 1974:219 (M*, F, L*).
McDaniel and Webb 1974:915 (tax.).
Dahl 1975:83,89 (tax.; distr.).
Matsou 1975:(E*).
Minar 1976:335 (distr.).
Utrio 1976:130,134 (L*).
Wood 1977:73 (M*, F*).
Mgeladze 1991 143(3): 330 (distr., Georgia).
Dahl 1997:(E*).
Tanaka 1999:109 (P*; tax.; distr., Japan).
Alten, Caglar and Ozer 2000: 28 (distr., turkey)
Spungis 2000 6: 10 (distr., Latvia).

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United States; Alaska, United States; contiguous lower 48, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)