Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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dorsalis (Meigen)

1830b:242 (F; as Culex).
Type-loc: Berlin, Germany (MNHP)

Additional References:
Howard et al. 1917 (E, as currie)
Waterston 1918 (F*)
Gjullin 1937:261 (F*).
Marshall 1938:185 (M*, F*, L, E*).
Natvig 1948:201 (M*, F*, L; biol.).
LaCasse and Yamaguti 1950 (F*)
Monchadskii 1951:161 (L*; as ssp. of caspius).
Yamaguti and LaCasse 1951 (F*)
Bohart 1954:360 (L*).
Barr 1955:170 (M*; tax.).
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:174 M*, F*, L).
Craig 1956:(E*).
Telford 1957:(E*).
Hara 1957:59 (F*).
Craig and Horsfall 1958:(E*).
Price 1960:554 (lst stage L*).
Ross and Horsfall 1965:(E*).
Myers 1967:799 (E*).
Kalpage and Brust 1968:(E*).
Rjazantzeva 1972 (F*)
Gutsevich et al. 1974: 201 ( M*, F, L*; change in status.)
Dahl 1975:81,86 (distr.).
Minar 1976:344 (M*, F*; tax.).
Utrio 1976:131,134 (L*).
Hinton 1981:(E*).
Lambert et al.1990 (E*)
Tanaka 1999:107 (P*; tax.; distr., Japan).
Alten et al. 2000: 28 (distr.; Turkey)
Spungis 2000 6: 10 (distr., Latvia).
Reinert 2002 (F*)

Distribution:
Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea; South, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, Moldova, Mongolia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom (includes Guernsey; Jersey; Isle of Man), United States; contiguous lower 48, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)

Bionomics:
The larvae occur in a variety of habitats including both brackish and fresh water. They are often found in large numbers in tidal marshes along the Pacific coast and in saline pools along the margins of Great Salt Lake in Utah. The species also occurs in fresh-water marshes and in overflow from artesian wells and irrigation ditches. The species is an important pest of man and animals in Utah, California, and often in other localities in western North America. (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:176)

Medical Importance:
Western equine encephalitis virus (WEE) has been isolated from wild-caught Ae. dorsalis in the San Joaquin Valley, California and in Colorado. California encephalitis virus has been isolated from wild-caught Ae. dorsalis from Kern County, California. (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:176) Ae. dorsalis is considered a vector of WEE and West Nile Virus (WNV) (Turell et al. 2005:60).