Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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cruzii Dyar and Knab

1908:53 (nom. nov. for lutzii Theobald 1901a, non Cruz 1901).
Type-loc: 1908:53 (nom. nov. for lutzii Theobald 1901a, non Cruz 1901)

Additional References:
Davis 1926: [F*].
Komp 1937b:504 (M*, L; tax.; to sp. status).
Netto 1940:32 (L*).
Cova Garcia 1946, fig. 1 (E*), 59 (L), 105 (F*), 129 (M).
Barreto and Coutinho 1950(1951):177 (tax.).
Lima 1952 401 (L*).
Lane 1953:285 (M*, F, L).
Zavortink 1973:23 (M*, F*, L).
Linton et al. 2013:100-109 (dist., Ecuador)
Berti et al. 2014: (distr., Venezuela).


Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

The immatures are found in the leaf axils of bromeliads. Females readily bite humans, especially during the evening and night. In southeastern Brazil it occurs in a variety of habitats from the coast into the mountains. (Zavortink 1973:25)

Medical Importance:
In southeastern Brazil cruzii is a primary vector of human malaria and it is a natural vector of monkey malaria in the region. (Zavortink 1973:25)