Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

  Culicidae » Culicinae » Aedini » Aedes » Aedimorphus »
 

vexans (Meigen)

1830b: 241 (F; Culex)
Type-loc: Berlin, Germany (MNHP)

Additional References:
Dyar 1902: (E, as sylvestris)
Mitchell 1907: (E*, as sylvestris)
Howard et al. 1913:(E*)
Howard et al. 1917: (E, as sylvestris)
Barraud 1928 (F*)
Barraud 1934: 253 (M*,F,L)
Gjullin 1937 (F*)
Marshall 1938: (E*)
Ross 1947 (F*)
Natvig 1948: 412 (M*,F,L*)
Penn 1949b: 60 (P*)
Darsie 1951: 13 (P*)
Yamaguti and LaCasse: 1951 (F*)
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955: 263 (M*,F*,L*)
Muspratt 1955: 169 (M*,F,L; tax.)
Horsfall and Craig 1956: 370 (E*)
Craig & Horsfall 1958: (E*)
Price 1960: 560 (lst stage L*)
Belkin 1962 (F*)
Mohrig 1965 (F*)
Ross & Horsfall 1965: (E*)
Hamon, Maffi, Grenier, Ouedraogo and Djime 1966: 373 (syn.)
Mohrig 1967 (F*)
Myers 1967: (E*)
Kalpage & Brust 1968: (E*)
Sicart and Larrouy 1968 (F*)
Mohrig 1969 (F*)
Horsfall, Voorhees and Cupp 1970: 1713 (E*)
Rjazantzeva 1970 (F*)
Pao and Knight 1970b: 115 (L*)
Belkin and Heinemann 1971: 27 (n. distr.)
Aslamkhan 1971b: 147 (distr.)
Matsou et al. 1972: (E*)
Moriya et al. 1972: (E*)
Horsfall et al. 1973:(E)
Moriya et al. 1973: (E*)
Zharov 1973: 11 (geogr. variation)
Reinert 1973e: 66 (M*,F*,P*,L*, E; world distr.)
Bickley 1976: 234 (distr., Alaska)
Utrio 1976: 129,135 (L*)
Skierska 1977: [F*].
Hinton, 1981: (E*)
Lee et al. 1982: 32 (distr.)
Linley 1990 (E*)
Mgeladze 1991 143(3): 329 (distr., Georgia)
Darsie et al. 1996: 32 (distr.)
Jupp 1996 (F*; key)
Spungis 2000 6: 9 (distr., Latvia)
Whelan & Hapgood 2000: 405-416 (distr. East Timor, bion.)
Reinert 2000 (F*)
Ribeiro et al. 2002: 34 (distr., Portugal)
Trari et al. 2002: 331 (distr., Morocco)
Becker 2003: (E*)
Rattanarithikul et al. 2010: 1-152 (F*,L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)
Ahmed et al 2011: (distr. Saudi Arabia).
Namazov 2014: 280 (distr., Azerbaijan)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Afghanistan, Algeria, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guam, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kiribati, Korea; South, Laos, Latvia, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia (Wake Island), Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New Guinea (Island); Papua New Guinea, New Guinea (Island); Papua New Guinea, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Samoa (Ind. State of Samoa; American Samoa; Western Samoa), Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom (includes Guernsey; Jersey; Isle of Man), United States; Alaska, United States; contiguous lower 48, United States; Hawaii, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)

Bionomics:
Immatures are found in unshaded fresh water flood pools in secondary scrub, but have also been collected in ditches, swamps, rice fields, and elephant foot prints. Habitats usually have little aquatic vegetation or algae. Females are night biters and readily feed on man and cattle (Reinert 1973).

Medical Importance:
Capable of transmitting eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEE), western equine encephalitis virus (WEE), SLE, West Nile Virus (WNV) (Turell et al. 2005:60). It is also a vector of dog heartworm (Reinert 1973).

Subspecies: