Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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messeae Falleroni

1926:564 (E*; claviger var.).
Type-loc: [Pontine Marshes, Latium], Italy (LU)

Additional References:
Bates 1940:353 (to sp. status).
Aitken 1945:308 (?= lewisi).
La Face, in Boyd 1949:439 (E*).
Rioux 1958:102 (tax.).
Minar 1971:92 (distr.).
Ulmanen and Brummer-Korvenkontio 1971:43 (A, E*; Finland).
White 1979 (tax., rev., keys, distr.)
Alten, Caglar and Ozer 2000 7: 27 (distr.).
Ramsdale and Snow 2000:7 (distr.)
Linton et al. 2003 (tax., DNA id., rev. of complex; M*, F, P*, L*, E (maculipennis s.s.))
Qu and Zhu 2008:211 (distr. China)
Sinka et al. 2010: 117 (bionomics review, distr., niche model)

Distribution:
Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom (includes Guernsey; Jersey; Isle of Man), Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)

Bionomics:
Larvae are characteristically found in great inland river valleys and large marshes. (Bates in Boyd 1949).

Medical Importance:
The species rarely bites man and is associated with malaria only in a few places where a rather dense human population lives in close association with large marshy areas (parts of Hungary, and Lake Malik in Albania) (Bates in Boyd 1949).