Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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claviger (Meigen)

1804: 4 (M,F; Culex)
Type-loc: [Germany], Europe (NE)

Additional References:
Marshall 1938: 126 (M*,F*,P*,L*,E*; biol.)
Bates, in Boyd 1949: 422 (A,L; tax.)
Aitken 1954: 451 (A,P,L,E)
Senevet and Andarelli 1955a: 41 (M*,F,P*,L*,E; tax.)
Postiglione, Tabanili and Ramsdale 1972: 219 (tax.)
Gutsevich, Monchadsky and Stackelberg 1974: 86 (M*,F*,L*)
Utrio 1975: 63 (distr.)
Utrio 1976: 129,130 (L*)
Glick 1992: 129 (distr.)
Hadjivassilis 2000 7: 38 (distr., Cyprus)
Ramsdale and Snow 2000: 3 (distr.)
Trari et al. 2002: 330 (distr., Morocco)
Beck et al. 2003: 24 (distr., Luxembourg)
Qu and Zhu 2008: 211 (distr. China)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel (and Gaza Strip & West Bank), Italy, Italy, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom (includes Guernsey; Jersey; Isle of Man), Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)

Bionomics:
In higher latitudes the larvae are found in permanent pond and lake margins especially where shade is present. In southern parts of its range the species is restricted to cool spring-fed pools and similar habitats (Bates in Boyd 1949).

Medical Importance:
Malaria vector in Middle East but not considered a vector in Europe (Bates in Boyd 1949).