Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

  Culicidae » Culicinae » Culicini » Culex » Oculeomyia »
 

bitaeniorhynchus Giles

1901a:607 (A).
Type-loc: Travancore, India (BM)

Additional References:
LaCasse and Yamaguti 1950: [F*].
Asanuma and Nakagawa 1953:93 (P*).
Hara 1957:55 (F*).
Hara 1957: [F*].
Belkin 1962a:215 (M*, F, P*, L*).
Aslamkhan 1971b:147 (distr.).
Lofti 1973:206 (n. distr.).
Sirivanakarn 1973c:235 (M*, F* , P, L; tax.).
Gutsevich, Monchadsky and Stackelberg 1974:367 (M*, F, L*).
Rickenbach, Eouzan, Ferrara and Bailly-Choumara 1976:96 (distr.).
Service 1976:262 (distr ).
Sirivanakarn 1976:65 (M*, F*, P*, L*; distr.).
Rodhain et al. 1977:279 (distr.).
Harbach 1988: 101 (M*, F, P*, L*; tax., keys, bion., distr.)
Darsie and Pradhan 1990:71 (distr.).
Jupp 1996 (M*, F*; key)
Abdel-Mohsin 2004: 1-9 (distr., Saudi)
Tanaka 2004b: 221 (P*, L*; from subgen. Culex).
Rattanarithikul et al. 2005: 1-97 (F*, L*; bionomics, distribution, keys)

Synonyms:

Distribution:
Angola, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Djibouti, Egypt, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Kenya, Korea; South, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar (includes Glorioso & Juan De NovaIs), Malaysia, Micronesia (Wake Island), Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea (Island); Papua New Guinea, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Philippines, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan and South Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Bionomics:
Larvae are restricted to ground water habitats containing Spirogyra. Females are primarily bird feeders in Thailand. In New Guinea, a form readily bites man (Harbach 1988, Bram 1967).

Medical Importance:
It has been found naturally infected with W. bancrofti in India, and Burgia malayi in Sri Lanka. It is associated with Murray Valley encephalitis in Australia and with Batai virus in India (Harbach 1988).