Systematic Catalog of Culicidae

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atropalpus (Coquillett)

1902d: 292 (M,F; Culex)
Type-loc: Plummers Island, Montgomery Co., Maryland, United States (USNM)

Additional References:
Dyar 1092: (E)
Howard, Dyar and Knab 1913: (E*)
Howard, Dyar and Knab 1917: (E)
Ross 1947 (F*)
Trembley 1947:244 (labr. biol.).
Darsie 1951:15 (P*).
Yamaguti and LaCasse 1951 (*?)
Hedeen 1953:1 (biol.).
Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:253 (M*, F*, L*).
Craig 1956: (E*)
Craig and Horsfall 1958: (E*)
Craig and Horsfall 1960: (E*)
Mohrig 1967 (F*)
Pratt & Kidwell 1969: (E*)
Horsfall, Voorhees, and Cupp 1970:1710 (E*).
O'Meara and Craig 1970a:476 (tax.; distr.).
Zavortink 1972:102 (M*, F*, P*,L*; subgeneric transfer; tax.).
Brust 1974:459 (E*; tax.).
Lunt 1977a:470 (electrophoresis study tends to support 4 subspecies rather than 2 species concept).
Wood et al. 1979 (*?)
Hinton 1981: (E*)
Linley and Craig 1994:(E*)
Romi, Sabatinelli, Giannuzzi Savelli, Zago and Malatesta. 1997:245 (distr., Italy).
Juliano and Lounibos 2005 (bion.; invasive status)
Reinert et al. 2006 (tax., phyl.; to Georgecraigius (Georgecraigius))
Reinert 2008 (F*)
Becker et al. 2012 (rev., invasives)
Medlock et al. 2012 (bion., invasive rev.; Europe)
Scholte et al. 2012 (bion., rev.)
Wilkerson et al. 2015 (phyl.; to Aedes (Georgecraigius))

Distribution:
Canada, Italy, Mexico, United States; contiguous lower 48, Venezuela

Bionomics:
The larvae may be found throughout the summer in overflow pools in rockholes along mountain streams and occasionally in rain-filled rockholes well removed from the stream. The females of Aedes atropalpus are rather persistent biters and are frequently annoying near rocky streams. (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955:254)

Medical Importance:
Ae. atropalpus is considered a vector of West Nile Virus (WNV) (Turell et al. 2005:60)